Kyoto Agreement Is Related with

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The Kyoto Agreement is a landmark treaty that has had a significant impact on global efforts to combat climate change. It was signed in December 1997 by countries from across the world and came into effect in February 2005.

At its core, the Kyoto Agreement is related to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions that are responsible for global warming. The agreement sets binding targets for countries to reduce their emissions of six key greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

The ultimate goal of the Kyoto Agreement is to limit the increase in global average temperatures to no more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. This is seen as a critical threshold beyond which the effects of climate change could become catastrophic.

To achieve this goal, the Kyoto Agreement requires developed countries to reduce their emissions by at least 5% below 1990 levels by 2012. Developing countries are not bound by mandatory targets but are instead encouraged to reduce their emissions through a variety of voluntary measures.

One of the key mechanisms of the Kyoto Agreement is the establishment of carbon markets. Under these markets, countries can trade emissions allowances, allowing those who have reduced their emissions below their targets to sell excess allowances to those who have not.

The Kyoto Agreement has had a significant impact on global efforts to combat climate change. It has helped to raise awareness of the issue and has resulted in significant emissions reductions in many countries. However, there have also been criticisms of the agreement, particularly around the fact that some major emitters, such as the United States, did not sign up and that the targets set were not ambitious enough.

Despite these criticisms, the Kyoto Agreement remains an important landmark in the fight against climate change. It has played a key role in shaping international efforts to address the issue and has provided a framework for ongoing action in the years to come.